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Scar endometriosis: an entity not to be forgotten

OPEN JPMA. The Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association | 10 Jan 2017

K Fatima and S Khanani
Abstract
Scar endometriosis is an uncommon but well-described condition. It is caused by the dissemination of endometrial tissue in the wound at the time of surgery. The deposits can involve uterine scar, abdominal musculature or subcutaneous tissue, with the latter being the most common. It usually presents as a palpable mass at the scar site with or without cyclical pain. We report three cases of scar endometriosis which presented with cyclical pain and swelling at the abdominal wall scar following uterine surgery. The patients underwent imaging which revealed abnormal findings at the scar site suggesting scar endometriosis. In the presence of strong clinical suspicion and supportive imaging, all three of them underwent local excision of the lesion. The diagnosis of endometriosis was confirmed on histopathology.
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Concepts
Pelvis, Surgery, Subcutaneous tissue, English-language films, Adenomyosis, Menstrual cycle, Human abdomen, Endometrium
MeSH headings
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