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Surface tension model for surfactant solutions at the critical micelle concentration

Journal of colloid and interface science | 17 Nov 2012

SF Burlatsky, VV Atrazhev, DV Dmitriev, VI Sultanov, EN Timokhina, EA Ugolkova, S Tulyani and A Vincitore
Abstract
A model for the limiting surface tension of surfactant solutions (surface tension at and above the critical micelle concentration, cmc) was developed. This model takes advantage of the equilibrium between the surfactant molecules on the liquid/vacuum surface and in micelles in the bulk at the cmc. An approximate analytical equation for the surface tension at the cmc was obtained. The derived equation contains two parameters, which characterize the intermolecular interactions in the micelles, and the third parameter, which is the surface area per surfactant molecule at the interface. These parameters were calculated using a new atomistic modeling approach. The performed calculations of the limiting surface tension for four simple surfactants show good agreement with experimental data (∼30% accuracy). The developed model provides the guidance for design of surfactants with low surface tension values.
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Concepts
Macromolecule, Solution, Quaternary ammonium cation, Surface tension, Chemistry, Colloidal chemistry, Micelle, Surfactant
MeSH headings
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