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F Cibella, D Campagna, P Caponnetto, MD Amaradio, M Caruso, C Russo, DW Cockcroft and R Polosa
Abstract
Quitting smoking is the most important step smokers can take to improve their health. Nonetheless, there is little information on long-term improvements in lung function and/or respiratory symptoms after smoking cessation. Here we illustrate long-term changes in spirometric indices as well as in respiratory symptoms in smokers invited to quit or reduce their cigarette consumption by switching to electronic cigarettes. Prospective evaluation of cigarette consumption, spirometry and symptoms was performed in a 1-year randomized controlled trial of smokers receiving electronic cigarette containing 2.4%, 1.8%, or 0% nicotine. Spirometric data are presented on the basis of participants' pooled continuous smoking phenotype classification (Quitters, Reducers, Failures), whereas respiratory symptoms on point prevalence-smoking phenotype. Smoking phenotype classification (Quitters, Reducers, Failures) had no significant effect on spirometric indices (FEV1, FVC, and FEV1/FVC) with the exception of FEF25-75%, which significantly (p=0.034) increased over the time among Quitters; their FEF25-75% (% predicted) improving from (means±SD) 85.7±15.6% at baseline to 100.8±14.6%. High prevalence of cough/phlegm (43.1%) and shortness of breath (34.8%) was reported at baseline with substantial reduction in their frequency at subsequent follow-up visits. These symptoms virtually disappeared very quickly in both quitters and reducers. Smokers invited to switch to electronic cigarettes who completely abstained from smoking showed steady progressive improvements in their FEF25-75% Normalization of peripheral airways function was associated with improvement in respiratory symptoms, adding to the notion that abstaining from smoking can reverse tobacco harm in the lung.
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Concepts
Spirometry, Smoking cessation, Electronic cigarette, Pulmonology, Cigarette, Smoking, Nicotine, Tobacco
MeSH headings
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