Breast Milk Feeding, Brain Development, and Neurocognitive Outcomes: A 7-Year Longitudinal Study in Infants Born at Less Than 30 Weeks' Gestation
The Journal of pediatrics | 3 Aug 2016
MB Belfort, PJ Anderson, VA Nowak, KJ Lee, C Molesworth, DK Thompson, LW Doyle and TE Inder
To determine the associations of breast milk intake after birth with neurological outcomes at term equivalent and 7 years of age in very preterm infants STUDY DESIGN: We studied 180 infants born at <30 weeks' gestation or <1250 grams birth weight enrolled in the Victorian Infant Brain Studies cohort from 2001-2003. We calculated the number of days on which infants received >50% of enteral intake as breast milk from 0-28 days of life. Outcomes included brain volumes measured by magnetic resonance imaging at term equivalent and 7 years of age, and cognitive (IQ, reading, mathematics, attention, working memory, language, visual perception) and motor testing at 7 years of age. We adjusted for age, sex, social risk, and neonatal illness in linear regression.
* Data courtesy of Altmetric.com