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Abstract
This tutorial review discusses the structural and electronic consequences of the Jahn-Teller effect in transition metal complexes, focussing on copper(ii) compounds which tend to be the most studied. The nature of a Jahn-Teller distortion in molecular complexes and extended lattices can be manipulated by application of pressure or temperature, by doping a molecule into a host lattice, or simply by molecular design. Many of these results have been achieved using compounds with a trans-[CuX(4)Y(2)] coordination sphere, which seems to afford copper centres that are particularly sensitive to their environment. Jahn-Teller distortions lead to some unusual phenomena in molecular magnetism, and are important to the functionality of important classes of conducting and superconducting ceramics.
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Concepts
Electron, Jahn–Teller effect, Silver, Chemical bonding, Oxygen, Zinc, Inorganic chemistry, Coordination chemistry
MeSH headings
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