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Orthogonal NGS for High Throughput Clinical Diagnostics

OPEN Scientific reports | 20 Apr 2016

N Chennagiri, EJ White, A Frieden, E Lopez, DS Lieber, A Nikiforov, T Ross, R Batorsky, S Hansen, V Lip, LJ Luquette, E Mauceli, D Margulies, PM Milos, N Napolitano, MM Nizzari, T Yu and JF Thompson
Abstract
Next generation sequencing is a transformative technology for discovering and diagnosing genetic disorders. However, high-throughput sequencing remains error-prone, necessitating variant confirmation in order to meet the exacting demands of clinical diagnostic sequencing. To address this, we devised an orthogonal, dual platform approach employing complementary target capture and sequencing chemistries to improve speed and accuracy of variant calls at a genomic scale. We combined DNA selection by bait-based hybridization followed by Illumina NextSeq reversible terminator sequencing with DNA selection by amplification followed by Ion Proton semiconductor sequencing. This approach yields genomic scale orthogonal confirmation of ~95% of exome variants. Overall variant sensitivity improves as each method covers thousands of coding exons missed by the other. We conclude that orthogonal NGS offers improvements in variant calling sensitivity when two platforms are used, better specificity for variants identified on both platforms, and greatly reduces the time and expense of Sanger follow-up, thus enabling physicians to act on genomic results more quickly.
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Concepts
Variant type, Gene, DNA, Diagnosis, Bioinformatics, Improve, Better, Genetics
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