SEMAC-VAT MR Imaging Unravels Peri-instrumentation Lesions in Patients With Attendant Symptoms After Spinal Surgery
OPEN Medicine | 9 Apr 2016
S Qi, ZG Wu, YF Mu, LL Gao, J Yang, PL Zuo, M Nittka, Y Liu, HQ Wang and H Yin
The study aimed for evaluating the diagnostic value of a 2D Turbo Spin Echo (TSE) magnetic resonance (MR) imaging sequence implanted slice-encoding metal artifact correction (SEMAC) and view-angle tilting (VAT) in patients with spinal instrumentation.Sixty-seven consecutive patients with an average age of 59.7 ± 17.8 years old (range: 32-75 years) were enrolled in this study. Both sagittal, axial T1-weighted and T2-weighted MRI images were acquired with a standard TSE sequence and a high-bandwidth TSE sequence implemented the SEMAC and VAT techniques. Three continuous sections around the instrumentation in axial and sagittal images were selected for quantitative evaluation. The measurement included cumulative areas of signal void on axial images and the length of spinal canal obscuration on sagittal images. Three radiologists independently evaluated all images blindly. The inter-observer reliability was evaluated with inter-class coefficient. We defined patients with discomfortable symptoms caused by spinal instrumentation as spinal instrumentation adverse reaction.Visualizations of all periprosthetic anatomic structures were significantly better for SEMAC-VAT compared with standard imaging. For axial images, the area of signal void at the level of the instrumentation were statistically reduced with SEMAC-VAT TSE sequences than with standard TSE sequences for T2-weighted images (9.9 ± 2.6 cm vs 29.8 ± 14.7 cm, P < 0.001). For sagittal imaging, the length of spinal canal obscuration at the level of the instrumentation was reduced from 5.2 ± 2.0 cm to 1.2 ± 0.6 cm on T2-weighted images (P < 0.001), and from 4.8 ± 2.1 cm to 1.1 ± 0.5 cm on T1-weighted images with SEMAC-VAT sequences (P < 0.001). Interobserver agreement for visualization of anatomic structures and image quality was good for both SEMAC-VAT (k = 0.77 and 0.68, respectively) and standard (k = 0.74 and 0.80, respectively) imaging. The number of abnormal findings noted on SEMAC images (59 findings) was significantly higher than detected on standard images (40 findings). The incidence rate of spinal instrumentation adverse reaction was 38.81%.MR images with SEMAC-VAT can significantly reduce metal artifacts for spinal instrumentation and improve delineation of the instrumentation and periprosthetic region. Furthermore, SEMAC-VAT technique can improve diagnostic accuracy in patients with post-instrumentation spinal diseases.
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