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Spanking and Child Outcomes: Old Controversies and New Meta-Analyses

Journal of family psychology : JFP : journal of the Division of Family Psychology of the American Psychological Association (Division 43) | 8 Apr 2016

ET Gershoff and A Grogan-Kaylor
Abstract
Whether spanking is helpful or harmful to children continues to be the source of considerable debate among both researchers and the public. This article addresses 2 persistent issues, namely whether effect sizes for spanking are distinct from those for physical abuse, and whether effect sizes for spanking are robust to study design differences. Meta-analyses focused specifically on spanking were conducted on a total of 111 unique effect sizes representing 160,927 children. Thirteen of 17 mean effect sizes were significantly different from zero and all indicated a link between spanking and increased risk for detrimental child outcomes. Effect sizes did not substantially differ between spanking and physical abuse or by study design characteristics. (PsycINFO Database Record
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Concepts
Abuse, Source, Child, Gene V. Glass, Medical statistics, Meta-analysis, Effect size
MeSH headings
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