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A Salgado, A López-Serrano Oliver, AM Matia-González, J Sotelo, S Zarco-Fernández, R Muñoz-Olivas, C Cámara and MA Rodríguez-Gabriel
Abstract
Arsenic toxicity has been studied for a long time due to its effects in humans. Although epidemiological studies have demonstrated multiple effects in human physiology, there are many open questions about the cellular targets and the mechanisms of response to arsenic. Using the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe as model system, we have been able to demonstrate a strong activation of the MAPK Spc1/Sty1 in response to arsenate. This activation is dependent on Wis1 activation and Pyp2 phosphatase inactivation. Using arsenic speciation analysis we have also demonstrated the previously unknown capacity of S. pombe cells to reduce As (V) to As (III). Genetic analysis of several fission yeast mutants point towards the cell cycle phosphatase Cdc25 as a possible candidate to carry out this arsenate reductase activity. We propose that arsenate reduction and intracellular accumulation of arsenite are the key mechanisms of arsenate tolerance in fission yeast.
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Concepts
Model organisms, Paul Nurse, Yeasts, Ascomycota, Schizosaccharomyces, Schizosaccharomyces pombe, Yeast, Model organism
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