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How important are the common factors in psychotherapy? An update

OPEN World psychiatry : official journal of the World Psychiatric Association (WPA) | 27 Sep 2015

BE Wampold
Abstract
The common factors have a long history in the field of psychotherapy theory, research and practice. To understand the evidence supporting them as important therapeutic elements, the contextual model of psychotherapy is outlined. Then the evidence, primarily from meta-analyses, is presented for particular common factors, including alliance, empathy, expectations, cultural adaptation, and therapist differences. Then the evidence for four factors related to specificity, including treatment differences, specific ingredients, adherence, and competence, is presented. The evidence supports the conclusion that the common factors are important for producing the benefits of psychotherapy.
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Concepts
Psychology, The Conclusion, Common factors theory, Psychotherapy
MeSH headings
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