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Seven newly identified loci for autoimmune thyroid disease.

OPEN Human molecular genetics | 27 Aug 2012

JD Cooper, MJ Simmonds, NM Walker, O Burren, OJ Brand, H Guo, C Wallace, H Stevens, G Coleman, JA Franklyn, JA Todd and SC Gough
Abstract
Autoimmune thyroid disease (AITD), including Graves' disease (GD) and Hashimoto’s thyroiditis (HT), is one of the most common of the immune-mediated diseases. To further investigate the genetic determinants of AITD, we conducted an association study using a custom-made single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) array, the ImmunoChip. The SNP array contains all known and genotype-able SNPs across 186 distinct susceptibility loci associated with one or more immune-mediated diseases. After stringent quality control, we analysed 103 875 common SNPs (minor allele frequency >0.05) in 2285 GD and 462 HT patients and 9364 controls. We found evidence for seven new AITD risk loci (P < 1.12 × 10(-6); a permutation test derived significance threshold), five at locations previously associated and two at locations awaiting confirmation, with other immune-mediated diseases.
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Concepts
Hashimoto's thyroiditis, Minor allele frequency, Genetic genealogy, Single-nucleotide polymorphism, Bioinformatics, Thyroid disease, Thyroid, Hyperthyroidism
MeSH headings
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