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Cost-effectiveness of an Improving Access to Psychological Therapies service

The British journal of psychiatry : the journal of mental science | 12 Jan 2013

C Mukuria, J Brazier, M Barkham, J Connell, G Hardy, R Hutten, D Saxon, K Dent-Brown and G Parry
Abstract
BACKGROUND: Effective psychological therapies have been recommended for common mental health problems, such as depression and anxiety, but provision has been poor. Improving Access to Psychological Therapies (IAPT) may provide a cost-effective solution to this problem. AIMS: To determine the cost-effectiveness of IAPT at the Doncaster demonstration site (2007-2009). METHOD: An economic evaluation comparing costs and health outcomes for patients at the IAPT demonstration site with those for comparator sites, including a separate assessment of lost productivity. Sensitivity analyses were undertaken. RESULTS: The IAPT site had higher service costs and was associated with small additional gains in quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs) compared with its comparator sites, resulting in a cost per QALY gained of £29 500 using the Short Form (SF-6D). Sensitivity analysis using predicted EQ-5D scores lowered this to £16 857. Costs per reliable and clinically significant (RCS) improvement were £9440 per participant. CONCLUSIONS: Improving Access to Psychological Therapies provided a service that was probably cost-effective within the usual National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) threshold range of £20 000-30 000, but there was considerable uncertainty surrounding the costs and outcome differences.
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Concepts
Psychology, Healthcare quality, Sensitivity analysis, Costs, Quality-adjusted life year, Cost-Effectiveness Analysis Registry, Cost-utility analysis, Health economics
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