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Increasing Melanoma Screening Among Hispanic/Latino Americans: A Community-Based Educational Intervention

Health education & behavior : the official publication of the Society for Public Health Education | 7 Apr 2015

GY Chung, G Brown and D Gibson
Abstract
Melanoma incidence is increasing among Hispanics/Latinos in California. This community-based project reached out to a rural Hispanic/Latino community in North San Diego County to provide melanoma prevention and screening education. At a local community health fair, bilingual volunteer lay health workers led 10- to 15-minute-long information sessions on melanoma disease, risk factors, and skin self-examination techniques. Pearson chi-square analyses of participants' (N = 34) responses to pre- and postintervention evaluation surveys indicate significant increases in knowledge, risk awareness, and self-efficacy for self-screening. The results revealed that Hispanics/Latinos in a low socioeconomic stratum might be at moderate to high risk for developing melanoma. Their low annual income, low level of education, occupational sun-exposure, and lack of access to health care are likely factors that deter at-risk Hispanics/Latinos from seeking health care.
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Concepts
San Diego, Medicine, Public health, Healthcare, Educational psychology, Health care provider, Epidemiology, Health care
MeSH headings
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