Accuracy of 128-slice dual-source CT using high-pitch spiral mode for the assessment of coronary stents: First in vivo experience
OPEN European journal of radiology | 26 Dec 2012
Y Xia, Y Junjie, Z Ying, H Bai, W Qi, J Qinhua and C Yundai
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the accuracy of 128-slice dual-source CT using high-pitch spiral mode (HPS) for the assessment of coronary stents. METHODS: We conducted a prospective study on patients with previous stent implantation due to recurred suspicious symptoms of angina with positive findings at stress testing scheduled for coronary angiography (CA), while dual source computed tomography (DSCT) examinations were randomly done by one of the three different scan modes [HPS, sequential mode (SEQ), low-pitch spiral mode (LPS)] one week before CA examinations. The image quality, radiation dose and stent patency of DSCT were evaluated blinded to the results of CA. RESULTS: 180 patients with total 256 stents were enrolled in this study. There was no significant difference on the image quality of DSCT by HPS (1.4±0.5), SEQ (1.5±0.5) and LPS (1.3±0.6) (P>0.05). The noise of images reconstructed with B26f kernel in HPS is significantly increased than in SEQ/LPS (P<0.05), while no significant difference with images reconstructed with B46f kernel (P>0.05). Heart rate (HR) variability had a slight impact on the image quality for HPS (P<0.05), not for LPS/SEQ (P>0.05). In the assessment of stent restenosis compared with CA on per-stent basis, there was no significant difference on sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), and negative predictive value (NPV) of DSCT using HPS (100%, 97.1%, 83.3%, 100%), LPS (92.3%, 95.9%, 80%, 98.6%) and SEQ (93.3%, 97.3%, 87.5%, 98.6%) (P>0.05). The effective dose of DSCT by HPS (1.0±0.5mSv) is significant less than that by SEQ (3.0±1.4mSv) or LPS (13.0±5.4mSv) (P<0.01). CONCLUSIONS: DSCT using HPS provides good diagnostic accuracy on coronary stent patency compared with CA, similar to that by SEQ/LPS, whereas with lower effective dose in patients with HR lower than 65bpm.
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