Pediatric cardiology | 5 Aug 2014
J Li, Q Zhang, Y Liao, C Zhang, H Hao and J Du
Postural tachycardia syndrome (POTS) is characterized by symptoms of orthostatic intolerance. Antibodies of acetylcholine receptor (AChR-ab) affect acetylcholine transmission between the ganglia and result in imbalance of the autonomic nervous system in POTS. This study was designed to analyze the clinical characteristics of POTS patients with AChR-ab positive and explore the value of AChR-ab in children with POTS. In 82 children with POTS, twenty patients (24.39 %) were found as AChR-ab positive. Their clinical characteristics and hemodynamic responses to orthostatic changes were compared with the remaining 60 patients with negative AChR-ab. Symptoms of POTS children with AChR-ab positive were significantly severe than those of AChR-ab negative patients (p = 0.001). Preceding infection was predominant in patients with AChR-ab positive compared with that of patients with AChR-ab negative (p < 0.001). Syncope and fatigue were more common in the AChR-ab positive patients (p < 0.05). The change of upright heart rate was increased significantly in AChR-ab positive patients compared with AChR-ab negative cases (p = 0.013). Multiple logistic regression analysis revealed that preceding infection (OR 22.356, 95 % CI 2.151-34.920), syncope (OR 11.570, 95 % CI 2.098-63.810), and fatigue (OR 11.145, 95 % CI 1.658-74.911) were independent risk factors for POTS with AChR-ab positive. In conclusion, POTS with positive AChR-ab was a heterogeneous disorder. Preceding infection, syncope and fatigue were their main clinical characteristics.
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