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N Ishiguro, A Maeda, K Suzuki, Y Yamana, Y Fukuya and M Kawashima
Abstract
Abstract Background The oral tetracyclines, especially minocycline hydrochloride, are often used as an effective treatment for perioral dermatitis, however they are sometimes difficult to use because of the side effects, especially in children. Objective The effectiveness of β-lactam antibiotics was evaluated in three cases of perioral dermatitis. Methods Three Japanese patients with perioral dermatitis were treated with cefcapene pivoxil hydrochloride hydrate per os 100 to 300 mg per day. They were one girl (age 10) and two adult women (age 32, 37). One of the adult patients had a past history of Meniere’s disease and the other had had a side effect, vertigo, from minocycline hydrochloride treatment. The presence of fusobacteria before and after the treatment was examined using the tape-stripping toluidine blue method. Results These patients showed the improvement in 1 to 2 weeks and were much improved or cured after 2 to 5 weeks. No side effects were found during the treatment. Fusobacteria were positive before treatment but became negative after the treatment in all of them. Conclusion β-lactam antibiotics might be a useful treatment for perioral dermatitis, especially in cases who cannot take tetracyclines.
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Concepts
Rosacea, Acne vulgaris, Ménière's disease, Adverse effect, Tetracycline antibiotics, Minocycline, Effect, Effectiveness
MeSH headings
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