Nano letters | 5 Dec 2012
H Park, S Chang, J Jean, J Cheng, P Araujo, MS Wang, MG Bawendi, M Dresselhaus, V Bulovic, J Kong and S Gradecak
Growth of semiconducting nanostructures on graphene would open up opportunities for the development of flexible optoelectronic devices, but challenges remain in preserving the structural and electrical properties of graphene during this process. We demonstrate growth of highly uniform and well-aligned ZnO nanowire arrays on graphene by modifying the graphene surface with conductive polymer interlayers. Based on this structure, we then demonstrate graphene cathode-based hybrid solar cells using two different photoactive materials - PbS quantum dots and the conjugated polymer P3HT - with AM 1.5G power conversion efficiencies of 4.2% and 0.5%, respectively, approaching the performance of ITO-based devices with similar architectures. Our method preserves beneficial properties of graphene and demonstrates that it can serve as a viable replacement for ITO in various photovoltaic device configurations.
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